Most Common Sleep Disorders
In adults, loud snoring and daytime sleepiness raise the possibility of underlying sleep apnea. Yet, some individuals with sleep apnea may not snore or feel sleepy. Untreated sleep apnea often increases the risk for development of hypertension, stroke, heart disease, mood disorders, motor vehicle and work-related accidents, and breaches in interpersonal relationships.
Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS)
People with RLS describe unusual feeling in their legs such as creeping, crawling or a pulling sensation. In addition, they may feel the need for leg movement. These sensations range in severity from uncomfortable to painful. If left untreated, RLS can cause exhaustion and daytime fatigue, which can interrupt daily work activities. Sleep deprivation, in some cases, can lead to depression.
Many individuals have trouble falling asleep, staying asleep or feel that their sleep is nonrefreshing. Although an occasional night of poor sleep is normal, in our fast paced world, chronic sleep problems are not.
REM Sleep Behavior Disorder (RBD)
During Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep, a person typically experiences a high level of brain activity, along with irregular breathing, increase in blood pressure and temporary loss of muscle tone (paralysis). REM is commonly associated with dreaming. In instances of a person with RBD, the paralysis that takes place during REM is either shortened or non-existent, allowing a person to physically “act out” their dreams while sleeping. Such behaviors can include, but are not limited to, kicking, yelling and punching. In some instances, RBD can increase the risk for development of Parkinson’s Disease.
Narcolepsy is a neurological disorder that can cause daily episodes of inappropriate sleepiness (sleep attacks), loss of muscle tone, sleep paralysis and hallucinations. These symptoms can lead to exhaustion and make daily activities difficult.