Patient Resource Center

Maternal-Fetal Medicine

​What is a Maternal-Fetal medicine (MFM) specialist?

A Maternal-Fetal Medicine sub-specialist has completed additional training with two to three years of Maternal-Fetal Medicine fellowship after completing four years of Obstetrics and Gynecology residency and four years of

medical school. An MFM specialist provides care of consultation for both mom and fetus in a complicated pregnancy.

Why would you be referred to an MFM specialist?

Women who are considering becoming pregnant or who are already pregnant and are considered at “high risk” are often referred to an MFM specialist.

What are the types of patients seen by MFM sub-specialist?

Women undergoing diagnostic or therapeutic procedures during pregnancy:

  • Comprehensive ultrasound

  • Prentenatal testing

  • Genetic amniocentesis or fetal treatment

Women with:

  • Heart disease

  • High blood pressure

  • Preeclampsia (toxemia)

  • Diabetes or other endocrine disorders

  • Kidney or gastrointestinal disease

  • Infectious diseases

Healthy women with increased risk for adverse outcome such as:

  • Abnormal AFP (alpha fetoprotein) blood test

  • Twins or more

  • Recurrent pre-term labor and delivery

  • Premature rupture of membranes

  • Recurrent pregnancy loss

  • Suspected fetal growth restriction

How is care coordinated between your provider and an MFM physician?

A Maternal-Fetal Medicine physician is a sub-specialist who works in collaboration with your obstetric provider to help care for patients with complicated pregnancies, both before and during pregnancy.

To learn more about Maternal-Fetal Medicine visit the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine website at


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