About Stroke


About stroke

Every 40 seconds, someone has a stroke. Every four minutes, a stroke results in a death. Stroke is the fourth leading cause of death in the United States – after heart disease, cancer and chronic respiratory disease. It is also the leading cause of disability. Many thousands of people could reduce their chances of having a stroke by learning to recognize warning signs, becoming aware of their personal risk factors and modifying their habits for healthier lives.

What is a stroke?

Stroke occurs when there is a lack of blood supply to the brain that can be caused by a clot (ischemic stroke) or bleeding (hemorrhagic stroke). Brain tissue dies within four minutes after the start of the stroke.

Quick action preserves brain cells. Some treatments can only be successful in reducing or reversing brain damage if administered up to three hours after onset of symptoms. The sooner you seek medical attention, the better your chances for a meaningful recovery. 


Being able to recognize the symptoms of a stroke is important. Act FAST is a simple tool to help you learn the signs and symptoms of stroke so you know when to seek medical attention for yourself or someone else.

Remember the word “FAST,” and call 911 if you notice any of these signs of stroke:

Face           Numbness or tingling

Arm            Weakness or paralysis

Speech      Difficulty talking

Time           Time is critical

Seek emergency medical assistance right away!

Make sure your family members, co-workers and friends know about Act FAST, too. The more people who Act FAST in cases of stroke, the more lives that can be saved – and the fewer the people who may have to cope with lifelong disability.

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